See all posts by Jabran Khan The Cineworld share price is tumbling today. Could it be a contrarian FTSE buy? Image source: Getty Images Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. Are you on the lookout for UK growth stocks?If so, get this FREE no-strings report now.While it’s available: you’ll discover what we think is a top growth stock for the decade ahead.And the performance of this company really is stunning.In 2019, it returned £150million to shareholders through buybacks and dividends.We believe its financial position is about as solid as anything we’ve seen.Since 2016, annual revenues increased 31%In March 2020, one of its senior directors LOADED UP on 25,000 shares – a position worth £90,259Operating cash flow is up 47%. (Even its operating margins are rising every year!)Quite simply, we believe it’s a fantastic Foolish growth pick.What’s more, it deserves your attention today.So please don’t wait another moment. Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares It’s been more than a year since I went to a Cineworld (LSE:CINE) cinema. Today saw preliminary full-year results released by the FTSE 250 firm. I wasn’t expecting much but I was surprised to see the Cineworld share price lose nearly 10% today so far, as I write. Is there an opportunity here for the VERY long term?Cineworld share price woesI could buy shares in Cineworld for 181p per share in mid-February 2020. By the end of March, shares were trading for a paltry 36p per share. This is a mammoth 80% drop.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…Since that low point, the Cineworld share price has fluctuated with restrictions easing over the summer and then going back into lockdown. The news of Covid-19 vaccinations signalled a potential lifeline for the beleaguered FTSE 250 firm too. Less than two weeks ago, shares were trading for 122p per share but it seems recent preliminary results have hit the share price hard once more.Preliminary resultsCineworld has been forced to close it sites from mid-March last year. Naturally, results and performance will reflect this, but I think they are worse than first anticipated. Revenue fell by over 80% to just over $850m. A mammoth loss of £3bn for 2020 will have played a part in the Cineworld share price falling sharply today. In 2019 it reported a pre-tax profit of over $210m. The FTSE 250 firm did attempt to reduce costs and preserve cash, however. Despite these measures, it was forced to seek funding to keep the lights on. It brought in over $800m in additional liquidity. Furthermore, it today announced an additional $231m from investors to see it through 2021.To provide a snapshot of just how much the last 12 months or so has affected Cineworld, it reported that there were just over 50m ticket admissions over this results period. The previous year, there were 275m.A FTSE contrarian investment or one to avoid?The Cineworld share price has been battered and bruised over the past 12 months. But with its sharp decline today, I’m trying to think about post-Covid-19 life and trading for CINE and whether I could pick up a great reopening contrarian buy.I do believe Cineworld will experience pent up demand. Many people are itching to enjoy the silver screen experience once more. In addition to this, there are lots of blockbuster movies that have been delayed and will come out once normality resumes so there could be a surge in performance at that time. Furthermore, Cineworld reported theatrical industry in other parts of the world has performed well since reopening. These include China, Japan, and Australia.Overall, I am not confident enough in the Cineworld share price or its overall investment viability right now. I do acknowledge its dip today was slightly more than expected, which presents a potential opportunity. Cinemas may also have a battle on their hands to regain customers from streaming giants who have gained so much more traction in the pandemic period.I don’t view Cineworld as a FTSE contrarian buy. In fact, if I am looking to invest in something a bit different, here is one stock I prefer and think will benefit from reopening. Get the full details on this £5 stock now – while your report is free. Jabran Khan | Thursday, 25th March, 2021 | More on: CINE Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. Jabran Khan has no position in any of the shares mentioned. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. 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Theoretical basisIn her research bid summary, Dr Breeze points to “studies of workplaces in which employees’ personalities are integral to their performance, a phenomena that has grown with the decline of manufacturing and the rise of jobs involving contact with the public”. Referring to Arlie Hochschild’s concept of ‘the managed heart’ concerning the strains involved in doing ‘people work’, Breeze suggests that her argument that” personalities are commoditised in the service of capitalism does not translate easily to situations where people are pursuing a nonprofit motive or working as volunteers”.Yet fundraisers do of course undertake ’emotional labour’. So Breeze is looking to develop existing these and other theoretical ideas in a new realm.[message_box title=”Take part in the survey” color=”blue”]To take part in the survey visit Dr Beth Breeze’s online questionnaire.[/message_box] Howard Lake | 30 April 2014 | News Do successful fundraisers share similar social skills and personality traits? What personal skills combine to make a successful fundraiser? Dr Beth Breeze from the Centre for Charitable Giving and Philanthropy at the University of Kent is undertaking research to find out.Academic research on the charitable sector has so far focused a great deal on donors, their views and attitudes on different types of fundraising, how much they give, and their expectations of future charitable giving. It has also focused on the strategies and technical skills involved in fundraising.But very little research has focused on the qualities of fundraisers themselves. Dr Breeze’s research is therefore investigating their behaviours, characteristics and attitudes – the ‘soft’ rather than technical skills.The Formation of FundraisersHer three-year research project has now developed to include launching a survey of 1,000 UK fundraisers. It also involves interviewing professional fundraisers and volunteers who have raised significant sums, together with major donors who have given £100,000 or more.The research, The Formation of Fundraisers: the role of personal skills in asking for money, is funded by a Leverhulme Trust Early Career Fellowship.Dr Breeze estimates that there are about 31,000 paid fundraisers in the UK, who together help raise about £10 billion for charities.Why no previous research?Dr Breeze attributes the lack of research into fundraisers themselves to charities lack the resources and a preference to fund ‘applied’ research, such as testing direct mail for the benefit of their own organisation.Such research is important, in her view, because “it is not possible to understand the economics of charitable giving without accounting for the role of fundraising”. She cites the example of dire predictions of dips in voluntary income during recessions which fail to materialise. This could well be the result of “the energy and drive of fundraisers”. Advertisement About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Tagged with: Research / statistics Research underway to find what makes a successful fundraiser 31 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis
Tagged with: BBC Children in Need Events Melanie May | 10 March 2016 | News 142 total views, 5 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis8 143 total views, 6 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis8 Advertisement BBC Children in Need has become Gung-Ho!’s exclusive national charity partner, in a deal that will see the charity at all 11 Gung-Ho! events taking place between April and September this year, alongside its local charity partners.Gung-Ho! Is a series of five kilometre races featuring 10 giant inflatable obstacles that participants have to run, crawl and climb over to complete the challenge. These include gigantic ball pits, super-sized slides and a 5,000 square foot inflatable moonwalk. BBC Children in Need is asking participants to sign up to fundraise as part of Team Pudsey.By pledging sponsorship to the charity, participants will be eligible for a discounted ticket for £30. In addition, all runners donating their sponsorship to BBC Children in Need will receive a free t-shirt and training support.The partnership is being launched on BBC Children in Need’s social media channels from 7th March and will feature on the charity’s website, as well as on Gung-Ho!’s homepage, to encourage runners to fundraise for the charity.The first event takes place in Manchester on 30th April, moving to Southampton, Leeds and Cardiff in May, and Brands Hatch, Edinburgh and Sandwell Valley in June. The course travels to Newcastle, Milton Keynes and Liverpool in July, before finishing in London on 10th September.Director of marketing at BBC Children in Need, Jonathan Rigby said:“With 5,000 participants at each event and nearly as many spectators, it’s a fantastic opportunity to promote the charity. By taking part in Gung-Ho! for BBC Children in Need, participants will be helping to make a real difference to the lives of disadvantaged children and young people all across the UK. ”Gung-Ho! launched in 2015, and has hosted three races for some 15,000 runners to date, with same number of spectators. Children in Need signs exclusive partnership with Gung Ho! events About Melanie May Melanie May is a journalist and copywriter specialising in writing both for and about the charity and marketing services sectors since 2001. She can be reached via www.thepurplepim.com.
By Mahoma López, LWC, and Yuriana Sanchez, LWC LeaderOn Jan. 29, the Laundromat Wash Supply workers scored a groundbreaking victory against their employer. For many years, the employees of Wash Supply have faced precarious working conditions at the workplace. The workers believed that the best tool they had to change the workplace was organizing and forming an independent labor association.In New York City and other parts of the country, the retail laundromat industry is plagued by precarious working conditions. Laundromat industry employees have suffered from abuses by employers and the negligence of governmental institutions to investigate and enforce the existing laws that protect workers.One of the typical examples of exploitation in this industry is wage theft. The report “Employers steal billions from workers’ paychecks each year,” by David Cooper and Teresa Kroeger, states that wage theft is “the failure to pay workers the full wages to which they are legally entitled.” According to Cooper and Kroeger, “wage theft can take many forms, including but not limited to minimum wage violations, overtime violations, meal break violations, pay-stub, and illegal deductions or misclassification.”The report findings demonstrate the precarious conditions of low-wage workers in the 10 most populous states where workers are most likely to be paid less than the minimum wage — in Florida 7.3%, Ohio 5.5% and New York 5.0%. Those workers suffering minimum wage violations have been underpaid an average of $64 per week, which means that a year-round worker is losing $3,300 per year and receiving only $10,500 in annual wages, according to Cooper and Kroeger.One in five workers underpaidIn 2018, the Laundry Workers Center launched a “Report on working conditions in the retail laundromat industry” that examines the working conditions of retail laundromat workers in NYC. A finding of the report was that “one in five workers were paid $10.00 per hour or less: a likely violation of New York’s minimum wage requirements.” Another finding was that “more than half of workers were subjected to harassing conduct in the workplace, ranging from racial slurs and insults to threats and intimidation.” In 2019, Wash Supply employees approached the Laundry Workers Center. Our goal at the beginning was to communicate that our employer was stealing our wages. LWC conducted an investigation and found indeed that our wages were stolen. At that time, Mahoma López, the lead organizer and co-executive director, explained to us that the organization does not focus just on the violation of wage theft. As co-director and lead organizer of the Laundry Workers Center, it is critical to articulate the organization’s vision, which is to empower low-wage workers and train them to organize to make real changes in the workplace and their communities. We believe that those who suffer exploitation in their workplaces must learn how to organize and educate on issues beyond their workplace in order to change the dynamic of exploitation. Thus, Wash Supply employees enrolled in the LWC leadership institute learn the power they have when they learn their rights.Through the leadership institute, the workers began to build political consciousness and imagine their power as working class. When they realized what power they had, they decided that the best way to ensure workplace changes was to organize and form a worker’s association.Critical for workers to become organizersAs the lead organizer of the campaign and co-executive director of the Laundry Workers Center, Lopez understood that it was critical for the workers to become organizers by learning a critical set of organizing skills. My personal experience as a leader of the Hot and Crusty Campaign in 2012 helped me understand that leaders need to become the strategists, the communicators, the tacticians, the agitators and political educators of their campaigns. Thus, when Wash Supply workers participated in the leadership institute, they learned how to develop strategies, tactics and how to run a campaign in their community and workplace.Furthermore, they learned how essential it is to develop a profound analysis of workers’ political and economic conditions in the U.S. and worldwide. Nine years ago, on Jan. 21, 2012, those education sessions helped to liberate us from the exploitation we suffered in Hot and Crusty; and on Jan. 29, the workers of Wash Supply accomplished the same goals.Many workers are hungry for justice and ready to learn to organize in their communities and workplace, but they are not getting the support they need from community and labor organizations. As organizers, we need to spend more time recruiting, training workers, and building power, or the option is more exploitation and inequality.In synthesis, the workers’ victory in Wash Supply represents the workers’ will to win better working conditions and end exploitation in the workplace. It represents the necessity of building political consciousness in the working class to realize its power and move from oppression to liberation. Finally, the workers have built a network of solidarity with different partners of the social justice movement such as the Solidarity Center, Workers Assembly Against Racism, the Internationalist Group, and other community and labor organizations that empower them to believe that winning better working conditions was, is and will be possible. The management continues retaliating against us for organizing, but we will never stop fighting for our rights.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
April 29, 2004 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Journalist granted provisional release News Help by sharing this information to go further News News BeninAfrica November 11, 2020 Find out more Reporters without borders applauds the provisional release of Jean-BaptisteHounkonnou, publication director of the independent daily “Le Nouvel Essor”,one and a half months after his imprisonment.”This is a laudable decision for the Beninese government, as this incidenthad quite clearly tarnished the reputation of a country that hastraditionally been respectful of journalists’ work,” the organisation said.On 16 March 2004, Hounkonnou was sent to Parakou prison, in the easterncentral region of Benin, after receiving a six-month sentence for”defamation”. He was charged with publishing an article, in December 2003,in which a woman was accused of adultery. The decision was not only indirect opposition to United Nations recommendations condemning thepunishment of press infractions with prison terms, but was particularlydisturbing coming from a country that has long been a model example of freeexpression in Western Africa. In fact, there have been no instances ofjournalists being detained since General Mathieu Kérékou’s return to powerin 1996. RSF_en November 7, 2020 Find out more News Receive email alerts Op-ed urges Benin to end Digital Law threat to journalism Follow the news on Benin Forum on Information and Democracy 250 recommendations on how to stop “infodemics” Organisation May 4, 2021 Find out more BeninAfrica Benin urged to implement findings of Working Group on Arbitrary Detention
By Digital AIM Web Support – February 24, 2021 Local NewsState Facebook Facebook Twitter Pinterest TAGS Previous articleMovie in the ParkNext articleJunior Achievement Program Supports Girls in STEM Digital AIM Web Support WhatsApp AUSTIN, Texas (AP) — The winning numbers in Wednesday evening’s drawing of the Texas Lottery’s “Lotto” game were: 03-07-15-30-31-43 (three, seven, fifteen, thirty, thirty-one, forty-three) Estimated jackpot: $5.75 million WhatsApp Winning numbers drawn in ‘Lotto’ game Pinterest Twitter
Three factors driving Donegal housing market – Robinson Google+ Twitter GAA decision not sitting well with Donegal – Mick McGrath Guidelines for reopening of hospitality sector published Pinterest Councillor says diversion of development levy money to Irish Water will hinder council By admin – April 13, 2015 Nine Til Noon Show – Listen back to Wednesday’s Programme Facebook WhatsApp Google+ WhatsApp Pinterest Previous articleMc Conalogue calls for “genuine conversation” on future of one teacher schoolsNext articleMcIlroy takes positives as Spieth wins Masters admin RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Sinn Féin Councillor John Shéamais Ó Fearraigh has described plans to force local authorities to hand over development levy funds to Irish Water as scandalous.The levy which in recent years was charged on new developments by local authorities throughout the country is now to be transferred to Irish Water because of a vesting order which was signed by Minister Alan Kelly late last week.Members of the Right2Water campaign will picket today’s reconvened meeting of Donegal County Council.Cllr O’Fearraigh says this is another blow to the council and will hinder funding for other services in the county……………..Audio Playerhttp://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/jsoflevy.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. Twitter Facebook Calls for maternity restrictions to be lifted at LUH Homepage BannerNews LUH system challenged by however, work to reduce risk to patients ongoing – Dr Hamilton
BlakeDavidTaylor/iStock(WASHINGTON) — Several hundred individuals arrested during an immigration roundup across Mississippi on Wednesday, leaving their children without parents in some cases, have been released, a U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement spokesman said Thursday.Young children were seen crying on local news video about being separated from their mothers and fathers.Children of adults detained in the raids were taken to local elementary schools until they could be reunited with extended family members.ICE Southern Region Communications Director Bryan Cox defended the agency’s handling of the matter on Thursday, saying as arrests were made, those detained were allowed to make arrangements to have their children picked up and that schools were notified.Immigration advocates condemned the raids, and focused on the children of those set to be deported.“This is horrifying — and it’s happening right here, right now,” the American Civil Liberties Union wrote on Twitterin the wake of the arrests. “America can’t be the country we want to live in so long as the president’s mass deportation machine is terrorizing our communities and ripping apart families.Cox said on Thursday that none of those detained remain at a processing center, explaining in an email to ABC News that all have “either been released or custody determination made that they will be held and moved to an ICE detention facility.”Roughly 680 undocumented immigrants were arrested in Mississippi on Wednesday, marking what officials called the largest single-state immigration enforcement in history.The operations took place at seven work sites — all agricultural processing plants — in six different cities, and involved more than 600 agents, according to officials.Cox said Thursday that more than 300 were released from custody, including approximately 270 released from the processing center, and according to ICE, were “returned to the place where they were originally encountered.”When the individuals who were arrested arrived at the processing center, they were advised to inform ICE officials if they had any children who needed to be picked up, Cox said.“In order to make it possible for arrestees to contact other family members and address childcare issues, HSI (Homeland Security Investigations) procured cell phones that are available at the processing site for use by arrestees to make arrangements for the care of their children or other dependents,” Cox said.“During processing each alien is asked if they have any dependents that need to be cared for. Any arrestee who identifies a child care issue, and is not being criminally arrested or is subject to mandatory detention, will be expeditiously processed and returned to the point of apprehension so that they can get to their child or other dependents.”Cox said that when the operation ended, two HSI officials contacted schools in the area to notify them that there were operations taking place and to provide contact information if the schools found that there were any children whose parents did not pick them up.According to an ICE news release: “As part of HSI procedures pursuant to this operation, if HSI encountered two alien parents with minor children at home, HSI released one of the parents on humanitarian grounds and returned that individual to the place from which they were arrested. HSI similarly released any single alien parent with minor children a home on humanitarian grounds and physically returned that person to the place where he or she was originally detained. Based on these procedures, it is believed that all children were with at least one of their parents as of last night.”Also, there were approximately 30 people at the plants where the raids took place who were not transported due to humanitarian factors. This could include things like pregnancy, nursing mothers, Cox said, but added that it’s case-by-case.At a Wednesday news conference, officials said they began preparing for the raids over a year ago.“The arrests today were the results of a year-long criminal investigation and the arrests and warrants that were executed today are just another step in that investigation,” ICE acting Director Matthew Albence said, saying each case would be handled individually.“Our arrests of these individuals is the front end of the process, we will process them, we will place them in front of an immigration judge where they will make their case as to whether or not they have a lawful right to remain in the country. The judge ultimately makes the decision as to whether or not these individuals can stay. If the judge orders them removed, then we will execute those removal orders on the back end of the process,” Albence said.Three of the seven raids took place at Peco Foods facilities in Mississippi.“We can confirm the Department of Homeland Security was on-site at three of our facilities in Mississippi this morning — Bay Springs, Canton and Sebastopol,” the company said in a statement. “We are fully cooperating with the authorities in their investigation and are navigating a potential disruption of operations.”When asked if there was concern over carrying out these raids as communities continue to mourn over two mass shootings that took place over the weekend, including in El Paso — a border town, Mike Hurst, U.S. attorney for the Southern District of Mississippi, said that although what happened was “horrific,” the immigration enforcement operations had been planned for several months prior to the incidents that occurred last weekend.“This operation began over a year ago, you don’t bring over 650 special agents from around the country into the Southern District of Mississippi in a matter of three days without preparation for months and months and months. So while the tragedies on Saturday and this weekend around the country are horrific, this operation had been planned way before that and we intended to carry it out,” he said.Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.
John Nacion/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty ImagesBy DEENA ZARU and TONYA SIMPSON, ABC News(NEW YORK) — Amid national outrage over the police killing of George Floyd in Minneapolis, Minnesota, on May 25, and other police-involved shootings of Black people, the movement to “defund the police” became a rallying cry at protests across the country.Critics have blasted it as undermining support for police officers. Not only has it been blasted by critics, but they have seized on the ambiguity of the term to obscure the intent of the movement, which is to reallocate resources from punitive measures in situations that don’t necessarily call for them.Those who advocate for defunding argue reallocating funds from police departments to community policing and organizations like public health centers and schools would serve as investments in underserved communities and could address systemic racism.Other activists have taken a step further, equating defunding with abolishing police departments.The movement has also been castigated by powerful police unions, and even played into the 2020 election. Prior to the election, the Trump campaign falsely claimed that Joe Biden and Kamala Harris wanted to defund the police in an effort to connect with the more progressive wing of the Democratic Party.“I don’t want to defund police departments. I think they need more help, they need more assistance, but that, look, there are unethical senators, there are unethical presidents, there are unethical doctors, unethical lawyers, unethical prosecutors, there are unethical cops. They should be rooted out,” Biden told ABC News’ Robin Roberts in August.Joe Biden once pushed for more police. Now, he confronts the challenge of police reformCongress has taken on some police reform legislation and some cities’ officials have introduced reform efforts into their budgets. Yet, six months after the killing of Floyd, an incoming Biden administration, a deadlocked Congress and the looming power of police unions in local and federal politics, may be among the factors that influence the defund the police movement, several experts and advocates told ABC News.A misrepresented movement?One of the roadblocks the movement has faced in gaining widespread support is misrepresentation, said Tom Nolan, who served as a Boston police officer for 27 years and is now a sociology professor at Emmanuel College.The movement to defund the police has been “misrepresented” and “it’s been made into a cliché” where “anybody who would render anything short of unwavering support to law enforcement” is cast as “someone who hates the police,” Nolan said.“The people who are looking to examine and reevaluate the police are ultimately police supporters, and I count myself as one of them,” he added, arguing that in some cases defunding is a necessary step in police reform that would benefit both the community and law enforcement.An unclear definition of ‘defunding’Even among those who support defunding, there are different visions and goals about what the movement should accomplish.Some feel that defunding means abolishing the police, said Phillip Atiba Goff, CEO of the Center for Policing Equity.But for others, “defund is a tactic which means we need less money invested in punitive structures and surveillance, and more money invested in the resources that keep people safe from violence in the first place,” he said.Police unions push backPolice unions have been ardent in their criticism of protesters and of calls to defund their departments.Police unions also aligned strongly with President Donald Trump who touted himself as a “law and order” candidate during the 2020 campaign, and won the support of many powerful police unions, as he blasted Black Lives Matter protesters and ended Obama-era consent decrees, which instituted federal oversight of troubled and discriminatory police departments.The Fraternal Order of Police, the largest police union in the country, which represents over 355,000 members and includes lobbyists on staff, endorsed President Trump in the 2020 race. The president also received endorsements from unions, including New York’s Police Benevolent Association, which represents about 24,000 rank-and-file officers, and the Minneapolis Police Union in Floyd’s hometown.“The strategy and the tactics that have been employed [by police unions], were specifically and intentionally [meant] to stall that process,” Nolan said. “And here we are some six months into it, and that’s exactly what has happened in many cities across the United States.”“I existed in that world, and I know that [police unions] exist to maintain the status quo and to protect their members at all costs,” Nolan, who was a member of various police unions during his career and served as the vice president of the Boston Police Superior Officers Federation, said.Washington deadlock on police reformPolice departments are mostly funded locally and any significant effort to defund would need to pass at the local government level. Yet, Nolan said the vast majority of police departments receive some federal funding, so Washington lawmakers do have some “considerable leverage,” he said.But lawmakers have been at odds on how to enact any sort of police reform.A pair of bills — one passed by the Democratic-controlled House and another introduced in the Republican-controlled Senate — include elements that some advocates view as an indirect form of defunding.The House passed a sweeping police reform bill on June 25 that, among other things, would bar federal funding to police departments that enter into union contracts that prevent federal oversight of discriminatory practices like racial profiling.The bill, which was titled the “George Floyd Justice in Policing Act,” was opposed by police unions across the country. President Trump threatened to veto the bill but it was not put on the floor for consideration in the Senate.Meanwhile, Senate Democrats blocked the debate on The Justice Act — a Republican police reform bill authored by Sen. Tim Scott, R-S.C., that sought to offer federal incentives to compel departments to implement best practices, train in de-escalation and end controversial tactics, while penalizing those that do not by incrementally reducing federal funding.Democrats argued that the bill did not go far enough as it does not implement federal mandates to curb police use of force, limit the transfer of federal military equipment to localities or create a national police misconduct database.It has yet to be seen whether the incoming 117th Congress will move on police reform next year. Although Democrats retained control of the House in 2020, their majority is now slimmer and the balance of power in the Senate will be determined by a pair of Georgia runoffs in January.As Congress remains deadlocked, calls to defund the police have mainly gained traction among progressive lawmakers — both in Congress and in state offices. But the movement has been rejected by conservatives and not embraced by many powerful Democrats, including President-elect Biden and Vice President-elect Kamala Harris.Biden has built a strong relationship with the law enforcement community throughout his long career in Washington and although he did not receive the union support Trump did, he received some notable endorsements from law enforcement officials in 2020.But Biden’s tone amid the social unrest this summer has been starkly different from Trump’s.The President-elect voiced strong support for the protesters and the Black Lives Matter movement and vowed to tackle systemic racism in policing as president. But Biden’s past support for law enforcement has come under scrutiny as he found himself in the middle of a policy battle in the Democratic Party over police reform.Cities, defunding and the aftermathPlans are underway to reduce police budgets in major cities. A review of proposed budgets in Seattle, Los Angeles and Austin for example, show money being moved — some specialized units are being eliminated and other changes are being made.While these efforts do reallocate some funding and reorganization in police departments, some experts say these examples are not the defunding the movement calls for.Instead, it’s a shuffling of municipal funding, said Stephen Danley, a public policy and administration professor at Rutgers University-Camden.“They’re moving crossing guards out of the police budget and into another budget and saying they decreased the police budget,” he said.As some push for dismantling police altogether in the cry for defunding, the closest example of that happening was in Camden, New Jersey.Camden made headlines when the city disbanded its police force and rebuilt it as a county department in 2013. At the time, Camden was considered one of the most dangerous cities in America. Poverty and violent crime levels were at record highs and the city was facing a budget deficit of nearly $14 million.The move didn’t arise as a response to police brutality, rather, it was “really born out of our fiscal crisis and our public safety crisis,” former Mayor Dana Redd told ABC News.The creation of a new police force did not immediately lead to a reduction in crime or improved police-community relations. Excessive force complaints increased from 35 in 2013 to 65 in 2014 and summonses for issues like broken taillights and tinted windows increased exponentially.“De-escalation training and that type of work has been really successful, but it wasn’t inherent to the new force,” said Danley. “It happened, in part, because of the Black Lives Matter movement in 2014 that started putting pressure on the force to change these regressive violent tactics that they were using.”As law enforcement agencies and communities across the country look for new ways to engage, one Camden resident, Vedra Chandler, said she hopes residents, city leaders and officers realize police defunding or reorganizing is not one-size-fits-all.“If there’s a model [from Camden] it’s not that everybody should adopt community policing, it’s that everybody should come up with something to do in their own community that they believe is going to make a difference in how their police force interacts with their citizens,” Chandler told ABC News.Chandler works for a nonprofit and has lived in Camden for 40 years. She said reducing police budgets is a good step, but it is important for law enforcement agencies to address other issues like officer bias and the criminalization of minorities.“Baby steps are important. If you want to see something different you have to do something different,” she said.Defunding the police, Danley and other advocates say, is only the first step to police reform, and how the funds are reallocated and whether the community is involved in making those decisions are key to ensuring that reform efforts are successful.Copyright © 2020, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.