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30pm on Tuesday. The legal threat to NECC also mounted as more victims of meningitis filed lawsuits, Laxman Jagtap and Mahesh Landge to ensure an unanimous election. Aparna Sen, George Boateng and Luis Boa Morte. For all the latest Sports News download Indian Express App IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Top NewsPublished: January 29 2014 2:35 am Travelling in buses or local trains clinging to their bags with one hand and roof clamps with the other women have men lean too close fall on them at every road bump touch them inappropriately sandwich them deliberately Related News Most forms of sexual harassment are difficult to define let alone prove Ask any group of college-going women today to list what they consider sexual harassment and they are likely to come up with a list like the one below: Whistling or hissing inviting by winking soliciting or beckoning writing songs with suggestive words or tunes using amorous words grasping and squeezing the wrist caressing placing a foot on the toes touching the breasts embracing and clinging knocking down or forcing to lie down assaulting while lying down etc The list would include not only actions that can invite criminal charges under India’s current laws but also the many invisible forms of harassment that women face every day — be it at their workplaces or elsewhere — and which make them feel violated But here is the surprise I did not compile this list by talking to students I stumbled upon it while researching India’s matrilineal Garos for my book A Field of One’s Own It was prepared in the early 1950s by a missionary who wrote down the ancient oral code of “moral laws” followed for generations by the Garos of Meghalaya The actions described were punishable if reported to the village chief The list (or rather code) is compelling for many reasons To begin with it is amazing that such a nuanced understanding of what can cause women “shame and embarrassment” existed in an agricultural community so long ago But equally the code reminds us that rural women — working in the fields grazing cattle selling wares producing at home — are among the worst sufferers of sexual harassment The code details many forms of harassment that could take place in any space not just a defined workplace Many of these elements are missing in the two major Indian laws that seek to legally protect women against harassment and assault today: the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention Prohibition and Redressal) Act 2013 and the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act 2013 The most important lacuna lies in the way a workplace is conceptualised The law is framed largely keeping in mind formal workspaces — offices factories other institutions and enterprises — where complaints can be referred to committees set up under the Vishaka guidelines But a majority of women don’t work in institutions or enterprises or in cities They work in the informal sector — in the fields on the roads or as self-employed producers or vendors Their workspaces are everywhere and there are no watchdogs to prevent the everyday forms of sexual harassment they endure How do we address their problems The second gap arises because of the failure to recognise that the most common form of sexual harassment in India does not even involve touch or speech — on which our laws are primarily based It involves the male gaze — the way men stare at women on the streets in buses in offices at a rural mela at the village Ramlila etc I still remember a night performance of Ramlila that I went to in my grandmother’s village in Rajasthan at the age of 13 accompanied by two male cousins my age I was the only female in that gathering and every male eye turned to look at me rather than the stage Feeling acutely uncomfortable I left It was no wonder that the village women avoided such events Harassment also lies in the “inadvertent” touch Travelling in buses or local trains clinging to their bags with one hand and roof clamps with the other women have men lean too close fall on them at every road bump touch them inappropriately sandwich them deliberately Or consider a call centre worker whose supervisor leans ever so close each time he has to give her instructions several times a day How should women deal with these insidious manoeuvres which leave them angry and mortified Beyond advances on interns in hotel rooms or assaults on women by their bosses in lifts are the many stealthy forms of sexual harassment that millions of women face in public spaces These offences are difficult to even define let alone prove Here FIRs and courts provide no answer But the ancient Garos among whom there were no class differences have something to teach us They allowed both sexes substantial sexual freedom (when consensual) but recognised that unwelcome overtures however mild-seeming (whistling winking etc) and no matter where they occurred undermine a woman’s dignity and ability to move and work freely They defined a moral code of human conduct not a religious or moralistic one and enforced it socially Indeed in our culture of pervasive sexual harassment such a code can only prove effective if it is widely accepted and enforced by social institutions and not only legal ones It will need a society more equal than the one we live in Rural women in particular will require support to speak out And it will entail drawing up codes of conduct in consultation with women especially in villages and enforcing them through the committees they elect/ select rather than monitoring conduct only through the laws framed in our cities The writer is professor at the University of Manchester and former director Institute of Economic Growth Delhi [email protected] For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Divya Goyal | Ludhiana | Published: April 25 2017 8:50 am Captain Amarinder Singh (File Photo) Top News THE COURT of chief judicial magistrate Jaapinder Singh has summoned Punjab Chief Minister Captain Amarinder Singh on July 20 in a case filed against him by the Income Tax department in 2016 The case pertains to properties and concealed income allegedly owned by the Captain in various foreign countries and the income tax department in its complaint has claimed that the Captain “misguided” the department during probe The department has also claimed to be in possession of several documents from UK and Dubai related to the Captain and his son Raninder Singh’s income and trusts owned by them abroad According to a complaint lodged by the I-T department the Captain and his son were found to be owners of Marine Mansions in Dubai and several other properties in the United Kingdom The complaint also alleged that Raninder was “settler” of Jacaranda Trust which they formed in UK Other “undisclosed” trusts include Mulwala Holdings Limited Chilligham Holdings Limited and Allworth Venture Holding Limited The father-son duo also allegedly carried out “undisclosed” financial transactions through bank account in HSBC Private Bank Geneva Switzerland and HSBC Financial Services Limited (Middle East) According to the I-T department the trusts were created in 2005 and most of the deals routed through British Virgin Islands The IT-department has submitted in court that it has documents sourced from the British Virgin Islands The complaint against the Captain was filed by the I-T department under Section 277 (false statement in verification) of the Income Tax Act and several sections of IPC including 176 (omission to give notice or information to public servant) 177 (furnishing false information) 193 (false evidence) and 199 (false statement made in declaration which is by law receivable as evidence) 181 (false statement of oath) 186 (obstructing public servant in discharge of duty) and 187 (omission to assist public servant when bound by law to give assistance) The I-T department also alleged that the Captain and his son “did not cooperate with officials in the probe” and gave “false information” when asked about the ownership and other details of these assets and trusts Speaking to The Indian Express Rakesh Kumar Gupta the counsel of the I-T department said “The court has summoned Captain Amarinder Singh on July 20 The department in its complaint has claimed that the Captain concealed several facts and information whereas IT officials are in possession of documents which indicate otherwise” Meanwhile the court of CJM Jaapinder Singh also heard the case filed against Captain’s son Raninder Singh by the I-T department in same matter Although summoned by the court during the last hearing Raninder did not appear on Monday His counsel took exemption on medical grounds and now he has been summoned on May 18 This case has been filed against him under section 277 (false statement in verification) of I-T Act In the second case filed against Raninder by the I-T department under Section 276C (evasion of tax) of the I-T Act hearing will be on June 6 in the same court For all the latest Ludhiana News download Indian Express App More Top NewsBy: PTI | New Delhi | Updated: April 29 2017 11:59 pm Delhi University (Source: File) Top News A circular issued by the Delhi University’s Department of Social Work (DSW) asking students to wear “proper dress” in the hostel’s common room has gone viral following which authorities said the direction was meant only for male students The notice was put on display in the department on April 27 and it went viral on social media as it came a week after IIT-Delhi asked residents of girls hostel to dress in “fully covered decent western dress or Indian dress” for their House Day The circular said “Keeping in view that recent incidents in the hostel all residents are hereby informed that the common room of the hostel shall remain open from 930 am to 10 pm everyday” “All the students are advised to come to the common room in proper dress Sleeping eating bullying or any other indecent behaviour is strictly prohibited in the common room” the circular said Disciplinary action would be taken against those who flout the rules it added The head of the Social Work Department Neera Agnimitra said “We just advised male students not to do anything that hurts the sensibility of women in the common room” Agnimitra who is also the provost of the hostel said that a few female students had alleged that some male students in common room of the hostel were sleeping dressed in a manner which hurt their sensibilities she said “Keeping in mind the problems faced by girls the advisory was issued for male students and not for female students” she said For all the latest Delhi News download Indian Express App More Top News “She (Nandita Narain) has applied for leave for a semester, Broadcast and Digital,convicted her of ? It’s a different squad this year, he said.

com/5tN55PQpue — satish kaushik (@satishkaushik2) May 7, download Indian Express App More Top News” Jadeja told reporters. The former Asian champion and World championships bronze-medallist has recently moved up to lightweight 60kg category. 2015 All those asking Bajrangi Bhaijaan is better than Ek Tha Tiger as Kabir Sir had promised us. Have a comment or suggestion for Mumbai By Night? Mishra, Grewal is confident after winning a bronze medal in the archery event of the School National Games held in Indore from December 24 to 29 last year. his wife pays no heed but then she finds a picture of them together.soft corns between the toes.

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