“Discrimination Begins Even Before One Enters Law School”- Justice Chandrachud Asks Why Law Entrance Exams Are Available Only In English?

first_imgTop Stories”Discrimination Begins Even Before One Enters Law School”- Justice Chandrachud Asks Why Law Entrance Exams Are Available Only In English? Mehal Jain15 April 2021 4:50 AMShare This – x”The discrimination begins even before one enters law school. Most of the top law schools, which offer the five-year integrated law course, conduct admissions through a competitive test which is only in English, besides English also being a separate component of testing. The effect of this is that only the privileged students with access to high-quality English medium education are able…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?Login”The discrimination begins even before one enters law school. Most of the top law schools, which offer the five-year integrated law course, conduct admissions through a competitive test which is only in English, besides English also being a separate component of testing. The effect of this is that only the privileged students with access to high-quality English medium education are able to qualify for it, while the underprivileged students whose earlier education has been in the national or regional languages and who aspire to enter into the judicial services are deprived of the learning at these institutions. As a result, these national law schools turn out candidates who are vying for lucrative placements at private law firms, which also has a consequence on the legal education to those who join the judiciary…”, Supreme Court Judge Justice DY Chandrachud said on Wednesday.The judge was speaking at the virtual launch event of CEDE (Community for the Eradication of Discrimination in Education and Employment), a network of lawyers, law firms, judges, and other organisations and individuals, who are committed towards reforming the Indian legal profession.He added that till the last year, the CLAT incorporated questions which tested logical reasoning capabilities that required the use of sight and which in turn discriminated against the visually challenged candidates. “Although the National Law School consortium has now assured that this would not happen in the future, the replication of this commitment in reality is awaited”, said Justice Chandrachud.”Even if a student clears this exam, then begins the secondary gradation – the choice of law school. There is a real and perceived bias among various law schools and students of the top tier National Law Universities are deemed to be better on account of their law school affiliation. But these institutions are expensive and scholarships, or even loan-based scholarships, may not suffice. So one exam taken by an 18-year-old becomes a means of differential treatment which has consequences on their law school experience and life trajectory thereafter”, reflected Justice Chandrachud.He continued to explain that it is within the law school where begins the third gradation, that determines which students thrive and succeed. He mentioned that students hailing from Dalit, adivasi and other marginalised sections are often found to be relatively behind not only in terms of academic grades, but also other extracurricular activities like moots, debates and internship. “The explanation which is most commonly rendered for this is that they are just not coping with the pressure. Nothing could be further from the truth! The fact is that the natural privilege which their counterparts have been entitled to manifests into their confidence to participate and even seek training and mentorship, while there is just not enough peer and faculty support for the students from marginalised backgrounds. They are deprived of publishing and research assistance, internships offered are often in tier 1 cities and do not pay a living stipend, as a result of which students who do not hail from well-off backgrounds dismiss these opportunities “, said the judge.He canvassed the fourth gradation which commences at the stage of employment after law school. The students from the marginalised backgrounds are underrepresented in law firms. Even employment at the chambers of advocates/senior advocates are based on informal references through privileged networks and those students who hail from families having roots in the legal profession have an edge over the others. “So a lawyer, who is 23-25 years old at the embarkment of his career, has already been knocked down 4 gradations in relation to his peers, for no fault of his!”, commented the judge.Next Storylast_img read more

Professor discusses education

first_imgThe United States needs to create stronger public and private education systems, and can do so through decreasing the reliance on standardized testing, according to Diane Ravitch, professor of education at New York University. Her lecture, “Is There a Crisis in Public Education?” was the latest event in Notre Dame’s year-long Forum, “Reimagining School: to Nurture the Soul of a Nation.” Ravitch spoke Tuesday night in the Eck Hall of Law, saying our nation must foster a system capable of caring for the needs of all its students. “Our schools are a reflection of our society,” she said. “They are indeed beset by problems and they need to improve – but they are not declining, and they are not failing.” Ravitch employed a historical perspective, exploring the causes of current challenges to the system’s efficacy and the basis of measures enacted to combat them. She said the No Child Left Behind Act, passed in 2001, is one such key factor. “In the decade before the passage of No Child Left Behind, most states had already adopted testing and accountability systems,” she said. “However, federal and state policy makers just can’t seem to get enough data, they want more.” The focus on collecting data prompts policymakers to look at standardized testing to ascertain the worth of a school, Ravitch said. However, she said tests should have a different purpose. “Tests should be used to diagnose learning problems, except now they are used inappropriately, to judge the worth of teachers, schools and students,” Ravitch said. Because these tests are being used for more than they were designed to evaluate, Ravitch said policymakers and analysts are drawing incorrect conclusions ignoring the real problem. “Poverty is the elephant in the room. Reduce poverty and test scores would be increased,” she said. “The odds are on the side of children who live in affluent and secure communities.” Ravitch said the emphasis on testing impedes the distribution of quality education. “We don’t know how to test the things that matter most,” she said. “The more our nation relies on high-stakes testing, the more our educational sense of priorities are warped.” Ravitch said the use of students’ test scores to indicate the relative worth of each teacher is a case of scapegoating. She said blame is placed on teachers, while ignoring other factors. “Tests are indication of many different qualities [at play in the life of the student], and the teacher has little or no control over many of these factors,” Ravitch said. “Tests are also subject to statistical error, random error and human error. They should be used for information, but not to reward or punish.” Ravitch said the nation’s first priority should be to halt these policies. “We have to stop doing wrong things before we start doing right things,” she said. “The role of the government should be to level the playing field and to make sure that adequate resources are provided for children in poverty. The federal government should not be telling schools how to reform.” Ravitch said the process would be a long one, requiring people to think creatively about possible ways to enhance American education. “It will not happen overnight, good things never do,” she said. “We will need the work of people who have a vision of how to change the lives of children and families … there is a lot of work ahead of us all.” Following Ravitch’s talk, former teacher Susan van Fleet, recently retired from Penn High School in Mishawaka, Ind., said she felt Ravitch’s opinions analyzed the issue of testing accurately. “Speaking as someone who’s been in the system, she has her fingers right on the problem,” Van Fleet said. “Our leaders need to stop not listening … to the people who really understand the facts, not just basing decisions on politics.” Kate Kennedy, administrative assistant at the Center for Research of Educational Opportunity, said she appreciated Ravitch’s analysis of the current state of education in America. “Ravitch put the brakes on, and took a look and what is actually happening. The bottom line is the same between what each Catholic school and public school wants to do: support schools, support teachers, but what is questionable is whether the current methods are serving that goal,” Kennedy said. “Ravitch brought a more historical view, saying this is how school started, this is what we have tried, now let’s look at what worked.” Contact Nicole Michels at [email protected]last_img read more

Governor Wolf Orders Commonwealth Flags at Half-Staff to Honor Firefighter Matt LeTourneau

first_img Flag Order,  Press Release Harrisburg, PA – Governor Tom Wolf has ordered all commonwealth flags on the Capitol Complex and at all commonwealth facilities in the City of Philadelphia to fly at half-staff starting tomorrow to honor fallen City of Philadelphia firefighter Lieutenant Matt LeTourneau.“We are mourning the tragic death of Lt. Matthew LeTourneau from injuries received battling a significant fire over the weekend,” Governor Wolf said. “I urge all Pennsylvanians to join me in keeping his family, his colleagues and all our first responders in your thoughts. His sacrifice for his fellow citizens will not be forgotten.”Lieutenant Matt LeTourneau passed away on January 6th from injuries sustained while working in the line of duty.The Commonwealth Flag shall be lowered from sunrise on Tuesday, January 9, 2018 through sunset Saturday, January 13, 2018. Pennsylvanians are encouraged to participate in this tribute.The United States Flag should remain at full-staff during this tribute. January 08, 2018 Governor Wolf Orders Commonwealth Flags at Half-Staff to Honor Firefighter Matt LeTourneaucenter_img SHARE Email Facebook Twitterlast_img read more

Edo, Oyo Qualify for Etisalat U-15 National Finals

first_imgAsegun Comprehensive Secondary School, Ibadan, Oyo State, and Niger College Junior School, Benin City, Edo State, have qualified for the Etisalat U-15 School Cup football competition after emerging champions at the Ibadan Centre.The Edo and Oyo team outclassed schools from Ekiti, Ondo, Lagos, Ogun and Osun states at the Lekan Salami Stadium, Adamasingba and Wesley College playing ground,  Elekuro to win the tickets to the National Finals billed for Lagos in November.Oyo defeated Osun State with the a solitary strike from Abdul Rasheed Qudus in their first game before walloping Ogun State 5-1 in their second game with Qudus again scoring a brace and providing two assists before edging Lagos team 1-0 in their last game.Similarly, Edo maintained an unbeaten run throughout the qualifiers after successive victories over Delta, Ondo and Ekiti states, scoring a total of eight goals and conceding just one. Meanwhile, schools from Kwara, Kogi, Nassarawa, Niger, Plateau, FCT, Benue and Cross River states will battle for the two slots available at the Ilorin regional qualifiers starting today at the Ilorin Township Stadium.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegramlast_img read more