43 Views no discussions Share Share Share Tweet Electronic cigarettes turn nicotine into a vapour that can be inhaledScientists say that if all smokers in the world switched from cigarettes to electronic cigarettes, it could save millions of lives.In the UK there are currently about 100,000 deaths per year attributable to smoking, worldwide it is estimated to be more than five million.Now researchers are hopeful that an increasing use of e-cigarettes could prevent some of these deaths.But some groups warn that e-cigarettes could normalise smoking.An estimated 700,000 users smoke e-cigarettes in the UK, according to Action on Smoking and Health. Some users combine “vaping”, as it is often called, with traditional cigarettes while others substitute it for smoking completely.E-cigarettes have also recently be found to be just as effective as nicotine patches in helping smokers quit.Future hopeRather than inhaling the toxic substances found in tobacco, e-cigarette users inhale vaporised liquid nicotine.Robert West, professor of health psychology at University College London, told delegates at the 2013 E-Cigarette Summit at London’s Royal Society that “literally millions of lives” could be saved.“The big question, and why we’re here, is whether that goal can be realised and how best to do it… and what kind of cultural, regulatory environment can be put in place to make sure that’s achieved.“I think it can be achieved but that’s a hope, a promise, not a reality,” he said.A revolutionThis view was echoed by Dr Jacques Le Houezec, a private consultant who has been researching the effects of nicotine and tobacco.He said that because the harmful effects of its main comparator, tobacco, e-cigarette use should not be over-regulated.“We’ve been in the field for very long, this for us is a revolution.There is concern over the lack of regulation of e-cigarettes“Every adolescent tries something new, many try smoking. I would prefer they try e-cigarettes to regular cigarettes.” Dr Le Houezec added.Many are now calling for the industry to be regulated. An EU proposal to regulate e-cigarettes as a medicine was recently rejected, but in the UK e-cigarettes will be licensed as a medicine from 2016.Konstantinos Farsalinos, from the University Hospital Gathuisberg, Belgium, said it was important for light regulation to be put in place “as soon as possible”.“Companies are all hiding behind the lack of regulation and are not performing any tests on their products, this is a big problem.”Prof Farsalinos studies the health impacts of e-cigarette vapour. Despite the lack of regulation, he remained positive about the health risks associated with inhaling it.Healthy ratsE-cigarettes are still relatively new, so there is little in the way of long-term studies looking at their overall health impacts.In order to have valid clinical data, a large group of e-cigarette users would need to be followed for many years.Seeing as many users aim to stop smoking, following a large group of e-smokers for a long period could be difficult.But in rats at least, a study showed that after they inhaled nicotine for two years, there were no harmful effects. This was found in a 1996 study before e-cigarettes were on the market, a study Dr Le Houezec said was reassuring.Concern about the increase in e-cigarette use remains.The World Health Organization advised that consumers should not use e-cigarettes until they are deemed safe. They said the potential risks “remain undetermined” and that the contents of the vapour emissions had not been thoroughly studiedThe British Medical Association has called for a ban on public vaping in the same way that public smoking was banned.They stated that a strong regulatory framework was needed to “restrict their marketing, sale and promotion so that it is only targeted at smokers as a way of cutting down and quitting, and does not appeal to non-smokers, in particular children and young people”.Ram Moorthy, from the British Medical Association, said that their use normalises smoking behaviour.“We don’t want that behaviour to be considered normal again and that e-cigarettes are used as an alternative for the areas that people cannot smoke,” he told BBC News.But Lynne Dawkins, from the University of East London, said that while light-touch regulation was important, it must be treated with caution.She said that e-cigarettes presented a “viable safer alternative” to offer to smokers.“We don’t want to spoil this great opportunity we have for overseeing this unprecedented growth and evolving technology that has not been seen before, We have to be careful not to stump that.”BBC News HealthLifestyle E-cigarettes ‘could save millions’ by: – November 13, 2013 Sharing is caring!
BUXTON ‘Carl Hooper’ Cricket Club defeated Lusignan East Sports Club by two wickets to lift the East Coast Cricket Board (ECCB)-sponsored Trophy Stall Under-19 title, when the tournament concluded last Sunday at the Buxton Community Centre ground. Batting first, Lusignan Sports Club were bowled out for 88, with pacer Nando (only name given in the press release) creating the major damage, claiming 7-14. No batsman produced an innings of substance.Buxton, in reply, were reduced to 60-7 but Nando’s arrival at the wicket eased whatever tension was there. In a no-nonsense mood, he clobbered a maximum and two fours to seal the win.Buxton eventually reached 90-8.At the presentation ceremony Nando received the Player-of-the-Match trophy.President of the ECCB, Mr Bissoondyal Singh, congratulated both teams for reaching the final, adding that the competition was extremely competitive.He also expressed his sincere gratitude to Ramesh Sunich of Trophy Stall for sponsoring the tournament for the fifth consecutive year.As it relates to cricket and youth development, the ECCB president explained that the ECCB has put together a packed programme for 2017.“There will also be the employment of several full-time coaches and the East Coast will be divided into four sections as we seek to capture every village,” Singh said.He urged the young cricketers to continue to work hard and become role models, importantly to stay away from illicit drugs and alcohol.Vice-president of the ECCB and chairman of the Competitions Committee, Raymond Barton, congratulated the Buxtonions for their well-deserved victory.He also thanked the clubs and ground staffs throughout the East Coast for their cooperation and contributions, which aided in the successful execution of the tournament.
Vice President of Student Affairs Michael L. Jackson placed The Row on social probation Thursday, prohibiting informal gatherings at fraternities on Tuesday and Thursday nights for the rest of the spring semester because of the recent negative events within the Greek community.Parties at fraternity houses will only be allowed Fridays and Saturdays, according to Jackson. These events must be reviewed and approved by the Office of Fraternity and Sorority Leadership Development.“If houses are found in violation of these instructions, they will be placed on immediate suspension pending a group judicial hearing,” Jackson wrote in an email. Jackson met with more than 150 leaders from USC fraternities and sororities Thursday to discuss the state of The Row, which has been plagued by behavioral problems and public incidents this year.“We discussed the collective responsibility chapters have for their members and that the Greek Councils have for their chapters,” Jackson wrote. This is the second time this year The Row has been placed on social probation.The Row was shut down Aug. 30, after 16 Interfraternity Council chapters were cited for unauthorized parties. Eight students were taken to the hospital for alcohol poisoning during what is often referred to by students as “Black Monday.”More recently, a misogynistic email sent on the Kappa Sigma fraternity listserv spread virally around campus and beyond, and graphic photos of a suspended member of Kappa Sigma appearing to have sex on the rooftop of Waite Phillips Hall made national news. Pat Lauer, president of IFC, said the leaders of USC fraternities and sororities understand how serious the situation is, and now they need to pass that message on to all of the Greek members.“Because of everything that’s happened, we need to get our act together completely and identify our weak points and improve upon them,” Lauer said. “It’s up to the leaders to help change the culture of the Greek community that has taken a negative turn.”At Thursday’s meeting, Jackson also established a task force composed of leaders of the various Greek councils and university staff from the USC Center for Women and Men and MenCare.Denzil Suite, associate vice president for Student Affairs, will be heading the task force, which will address issues including risk management, hazing, sexual assault, healthy relationships, alcohol and substance abuse, knowledge of USC policies, and chapter fire, health and safety programs.“I told students that we are depending on them to step up as leaders of their organizations, that [Student Affairs] will provide leadership, guidance and support, and that we want USC to have the strongest possible Greek community,” Jackson wrote.Lauer said the Greek community needs to make sure the negative attention from these actions does not conceal the positive things the Greek community brings to the university.“We’re kind of on thin ice right now, and we need to take it upon ourselves to confront these challenges we are faced with,” Lauer said.Jackson pointed out that USC’s Greek community has the highest GPA of any school west of the Mississippi and has received many national awards for service and leadership.“The hard work students devote to community service, philanthropic activity and participation in providing leadership for the broader USC student community is severely tarnished when members’ actions are arrogant, selfish, show a lack of respect for others, and threaten women in our community,” Jackson wrote.It is up to the members of the Greek community to change this negative perception, according to Lauer.“We owe it to ourselves to fix this image,” Lauer said.