Written by Brad James June 8, 2018 /Sports News – Local Utah Division I Male Athletes Conclude NCAA Track & Field Championships FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailEUGENE, Ore.-Friday at Hayward Field, the NCAA men’s track and field championships drew to a conclusion and while the Georgia Bulldogs emerged as national champions for the first time in program history, several Utah-based athletes excelled as well on the final day of competition.The Utah State men placed a respectable 18th overall in the standings, tied with Big Ten Conference athletic powerhouse Penn State with 15 points. The BYU men also showed well, placing 40th overall with 7 points.In the men’s 3000-meter steeplechase, BYU’s Matt Owens and Clayson Shumway placed sixth and seventh, respectively in the final standings in this event.Several Cougars male athletes also fared well in the 5000-meter run Friday with Rory Linkletter placing 8th overall in this event. BYU’s Clayton Young placed 12th and Connor McMillan rounded out the event finishing in 24th place.The women will exclusively compete Saturday to conclude the NCAA championship meet with Utah’s Grayson Murphy and Utah State’s Cierra Simmons both in prime position to contend for a national title in the 3000-meter steeplechase. Tags: BYU Cougars/Cierra Simmons/Clayson Shumway/Clayton Young/Connor McMillan/Georgia Bulldogs/Grayson Murphy/Matt Owens/NCAA Championships/Rory Linkletter/Utah State Aggies
At a Meeting of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences on May 1, 2018, the following tribute to the life and service of the late William Aloys Klemperer was placed upon the permanent records of the Faculty.William (“Bill”) was an innovative, versatile, and ebullient physical chemist. He was among the world’s leaders in molecular spectroscopy, a field he relished for its challenges to improve ways to observe and decipher molecular properties and consequent chemical phenomena. He especially enjoyed applying supersonic beams to chemistry. He exclaimed that “they give one a sense of power . . . [to] push molecules around with electric or magnetic fields.” His curiosity ranged widely. Early on, he studied molecules that exist in equilibrium only at high temperatures. Later, his cooling techniques for molecular beams enabled incisive study of many weakly bound molecular complexes. When Bill became intrigued by spectra of molecules coming from the vast interstellar clouds, he hatched a kinetic scheme involving ion-molecule reactions.Bill was born on Oct. 6, 1927, in New York City and died gently on November 5, 2017, at home in Watertown, Mass. Both his parents, Paul and Margit, were physicians and raised Bill and his younger brother, Martin, in New York and New Rochelle. Bill graduated from high school in 1944 and immediately enlisted in the U.S. Navy Air Corps, where he trained as a tail gunner. In 1946 he enrolled in Harvard, where he majored in chemistry and met and married Elizabeth Cole, a Radcliffe student. On obtaining his A.B. in 1950, Bill and Beth headed west to the University of California–Berkeley. Mentored by George Pimentel with characteristic gusto, Bill received his Ph.D. in early 1954.On a social visit to Harvard, Bill was offered appointment as an instructor, which he accepted. That rank, now defunct, was considered unlikely to lead to the faculty ladder. However, soon Bill startled both students and faculty with his research. He quickly created a unique spectrometer, ripping items out of conventional gear and adding heavy duty plumbing. By vaporizing solid substances, his apparatus made accessible infrared spectra at high temperatures. The data he obtained on vibrational frequencies for many molecules, especially oxides and halides, yielded remarkable insights into their chemical bonding.Before long, Bill began assembling a high-temperature microwave apparatus, to attain rotational spectra that would complement the low-temperature work done in E. Bright Wilson’s laboratory. It become evident that much better resolution could be attained by molecular beam techniques, such as those being used in Norman Ramsey’s physics laboratory across the street. Bill became a welcome visitor to Norman’s lab, quickly acquiring the experimental savvy and conviction to pursue molecular beams for chemical spectroscopy.Senior chemists advised that constructing such an elaborate beam apparatus might risk his tenure prospects. Undeterred, Bill undertook the project with Lennard Wharton, a graduate student with an engineering background from MIT. The beam apparatus, dramatically intricate compared with Bill’s earlier equipment, took two years in gestation. It and later siblings, enhanced by innovative improvements such as supersonic cooling, produced a cornucopia for molecular spectroscopy and resulted in unprecedented resolution and chemical scope. Using electric fields to deflect beams and energy levels brought forth many surprising results. Studies of molecules held together by weak van der Waals forces contributed to understanding the specificity and selectivity of such ubiquitous forces in biomolecules. Bill foresaw that myriad pairs of molecules could be weakly linked by expansion in a supersonic nozzle — a process that offered quantitative access to a wide range of intermolecular forces.In 1965 Bill was made full professor. His beam experiments had thrived and would do so for more than another three decades. In 1968–69 Bill took a full year sabbatical to study astronomy in Cambridge, England, a heavenly sojourn for him, his wife, and their youngsters, Joyce, Paul, and Wendy. Bill both explored the English rose gardens and planted the basic sprouts of his kinetic ion-molecule model. Later, he collaboratively cultivated the kinetic model and harvested dozens of interstellar “astromolecules,” many unexpected.The huge dark clouds where most interstellar molecules have been seen are 99 percent composed of hydrogen and helium. After H2, carbon monoxide is the most abundant molecule, although down by a factor of 10-4 or more. Ionization by the pervasive flux of 100-MeV cosmic rays creates some H2+ and He+ from which emerge many reaction sequences. The H2+ rapidly reacts with H2 to form H3+, which readily transfers a proton to many other molecular species. Hence Bill predicted that most of the H3+ should be converted to HCO+, a very stable species. This prediction was a seminal triumph for Bill’s model. Soon thereafter interstellar emission from a species dubbed Xogen, which had not yet been seen on earth, was shown to come from the HCO+ ion. It turned out to be the most abundant ion in dark clouds and has even been observed in distant galaxies.The offspring of the He+ ions exemplify how chemical kinetics can produce paradoxical results. The extraction by He+ of a hydrogen atom from H2 would be very exoergic. Yet that reaction does not occur. This is an unusual exception for ion-molecule reactions, but it has been confirmed by laboratory experiments and quantum theory. Instead, He+ reacts with CO, the second most abundant molecule, to form C+ and O. The ionization of helium is thus almost quantitatively transferred to C+, enhancing its concentration a thousandfold (by the He/CO abundance ratio). In turn, C+ only feebly reacts with H2, but reacts avidly with methane and acetylene to launch sequences of many organic compounds, including chains punctuated with double and triple bonds. Bill’s model explained the paradoxical irony: the mutual distaste of the simplest inorganic species, He+ and H2, gives rise to the proliferation of complex organic molecules in the cold interstellar clouds.Bill Klemperer was a lovable and loving man. Along with his bright, creative intellect, he had good down-to-earth wisdom and humor, and total integrity. He was an earnest citizen, glad to serve on boards and committees for worthy causes. Deservedly, he delighted in his science; in his many intense friendships with students, colleagues, and others; in his rose garden; and in his joyous family life.Respectfully submitted,Daniel NoceraCharles LieberDudley Herschbach, ChairAn extended version of this Minute was previously published by Dudley Herschbach, “Obituary: William Klemperer,” Nature Astronomy 2, 24–25 (January 2, 2018), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41550-017-0365-0.
Peace studies course material and film study will converge at the fifth annual ScreenPeace Film Festival, where attendees will share in the experiences of five nonviolent resistors from around the world. The festival, which begins Thursday and runs through Saturday, is co-sponsored by the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies and the DeBartolo Performing Arts Center. Hal Culbertson, executive director of the Kroc Institute, said this year’s festival theme of nonviolent resistance developed in response to the Arab Spring, a series of civil resistance movements in the Arab world that began in late 2010. “We thought there would be significant interest in the Arab Spring and its impact around the world,” Culbertson said. “We decided to make the theme of nonviolent resistance the centerpiece because we knew of several films that related to this.” The five films that will be shown over the course of the festival portray the stories of a varied cast of people: a Palestinian farmer, a Chinese artist and activist, a scholar of nonviolent resistance, an interracial American couple and an aspiring Algerian filmmaker. Alison Rice, associate professor of French and Francophone literatures, will introduce the last film of the weekend, “Normal!,” about a young Algerian filmmaker living and working when the Arab Spring protests begin in his country in the last days of 2010. “With these protests taking place, it’s like a documentary, but it’s not labeled a documentary,” Rice said. “It’s like a film within a film.” The film follows the struggles of the filmmaker as he tries to discern how to act appropriately in the midst of the protests, Rice said. “[It is] really about the dilemma of how to act when you’re in a societal system in a country where you do not agree with the way things are going,” she said. “How do you react, how do you respond effectively?” The film sends a message of solidarity, Rice said, and the feeling of “everyone participating in something together.” Rice was chosen to introduce “Normal!” for the ScreenPeace Festival because of her close connections with Algerian culture as a professor of French and Francophone literature, she said. “I also love the work the Kroc Institute does, and I am firmly behind the idea of peace studies, and I love film as well,” Rice said. “It was a perfect opportunity for me to respond to.” Culbertson said the Kroc Institute chooses films for the festival that will relate to the material the Peace Studies department is teaching in the classroom. “We designate films with our chief educational goals in mind and we try to complement our class discussions of peace with films that are particularly situated where conflict and peace issues are prominent,” he said. “It can address issues on a more local level and more in context than we often can in the classroom.” The festival also provides food for thought for others who may not know a great deal about peace issues around the world. “The real goal is to stimulate thought and reflection of peace issues around the world,” he said. “I think film as a medium is a wonderful way for people to learn about other cultures and contexts. It’s a different way of seeing peace issues played out.” The festival is free to attend, but tickets are required. For a full schedule of films and to obtain tickets, visit performingarts.nd.edu.
Statoil has officially changed its name to Equinor as part of a commitment to developing as a broad energy company. At the annual general meeting held on 15 May, the company’s shareholders approved the proposal for the name-change presented by the board of directors in March.The company has been registered under the new name in the Norwegian register of business enterprises (Foretaksregisteret) and the Oslo Stock Exchange (Oslo Børs) has also updated its information accordingly, with the shares quoted under the new name and the ticker now reading EQNR.At the meeting, a shareholder also suggested that the board should present a strategy for business transformation from producing energy from fossil sources to renewable energy to ensure the company’s long-term sustainability and shareholder value, however, the proposal was declined.Even though now former Statoil retains oil & gas as the backbone of its business, the company’s new name is said to reflect the fact that it is involved in a broader energy market, especially involving renewable energy.The company is very active in the offshore wind sector, with shares in the Arkona offshore wind farm in Germany, as well as Sheringham Shoal, Dudgeon and Dogger Bank in the UK, and is the majority owner and operator of the world’s first commercial-scale floating wind farm, Hywind Scotland.The Norwegian company has also signed an agreement with Polenergia to acquire a 50% interest in the Bałtyk Środkowy III (BSIII) and Bałtyk Środkowy II (BSII) projects in Poland, and is expected to finalize a power purchase agreement with a US utility by the end of the year for an offshore wind farm in the states.