Willard Library Needs You! As the oldest public library in the State of Indiana and one of the oldest libraries in the Midwest, Willard Library is unique among cultural icons in the City of Evansville—everything from its historic architecture, the rare and expansive local history archives, to the unique programs for children and adults. On February 7, 2015, Willard Library, one of Evansville’s premiere cultural destinations, opened its first ever building expansion since its opening in 1885. Two key components of this expansion included a much needed Gallery and a way to better connect the historic structure to the 3.5 acre Willard Park. The Browning Gallery now serves as an indoor venue for library events and the Park’s role as an outdoor entertainment space has been elevated. In 2017, the Browning Gallery in Willard Library and Willard Park were host to 621 library events and served a record setting 20,000 visitors! These popular events featured local people and performers as well as nationally recognized authors, artists and experts. Visiting Willard Library is a central piece of most visitors’ package when touring Evansville. You can be a part of this success with your gift to Willard. By making your tax-deductible contribution today, you can become part of Willard Library history while reducing your potential capital gains tax liability. Your gift and the gifts of other donors like you will help to launch programs with nationally recognized speakers showcased in the Gallery and theatrical and celebratory events in the rejuvenated Willard Library Park. Please make your gift to the Willard Library Foundation by visiting our secure website at: https://www.willard.lib.in.us/support_the_library/give_online.phpWith sincere thanks, Ward Peyronnin, President Willard Library Foundation FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail
Roger Bannister, celebrated for breaking the four-minute mile in 1954, died last month at 88. For many, the news brought to mind a simpler — albeit slower — era on the track, and highlighted a distance often overshadowed by races both shorter and longer.Today’s mile record – 3:43.13, set in 1999 — is quite a bit faster than Bannister’s 3:59.4. Perhaps more significant, Moroccan Hicham El Guerrouj’s 19-year reign is the longest stretch since American Norman Taber — running 4:12.6 on the Harvard track in Allston — broke a nearly 30-year-old record in 1915.Daniel Lieberman, chair of Harvard’s Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, has through his writing and research deepened our understanding of the role of running in human survival. He’s also known for having helped set in motion the barefoot-running boom by emphasizing how forefoot strikers like Bannister more closely mirror our ancestors than the heavily shod heel-strikers of today.Ahead of lining up for his eighth Boston Marathon, Lieberman shared some thoughts on the past, present, and future of speed, including the history-making performance of Roger Bannister, whom he once met.Q&ADaniel LiebermanGAZETTE: When did you meet Roger Bannister?LIEBERMAN: Every year there’s a conference at the Royal Society of Medicine right before the London Marathon. The first time I spoke there — I think it would have been 2006 or 2007 — I couldn’t take my eyes off an elderly fellow with a tweed suit sitting in the front row, looking very engaged. I remember wondering if it was Roger Bannister. They had a lunch for the speakers at a fancy restaurant right near the Royal Society, and they seated him next to me.We ended up having lunch together and chatted for hours. We talked about everything under the sun, but a lot about feet and running. I remember at one point he took off his shoes to show me his arch — this is at a fancy London restaurant. It was a treat to talk to him because he was so intellectually engaged in the science and physiology of running.GAZETTE: Do his arches look any different? Any hint of what might have set him apart?LIEBERMAN: (laughing) I think he had pretty typical feet for a septuagenarian.He did talk about the kinds of shoes that he wore back in the day, and was fascinated by — and not particularly approving of — how running shoes had gotten so built up. He, like any fast miler, was a forefoot striker. We published a few years later the paper in which we made the argument that, essentially, prior to shoes pretty much everybody ran the way Bannister ran. He felt that was clearly the best way to run.I remember him describing how he had his shoes made by a cobbler in London. You couldn’t go to a shoe store back then and buy a pair of running shoes. He basically had to have his shoes custom made. I remember he discussed how hard it was to get the right kind of material — light but durable enough not to fall apart.One thing that was amazing about his achievement was that he did this before the modern era. Everything was completely amateur. When he broke the four-minute mile, he was a young doctor and took the train up from London that morning. He wasn’t a professional runner. He just did this on the side, while still devoting the majority of his energy to being a doctor and to his research.,GAZETTE: The current mile record is around 3:43, set in 1999.LIEBERMAN: It was a Moroccan named El Guerrouj …GAZETTE: … so it’s been almost 20 years now …LIEBERMAN: Three minutes and 43 seconds is considerably faster than four minutes. But there are still not that many people who’ve broken a four-minute mile. I think fewer than 1,500 people on the planet have ever run that far in less than four minutes. And it’s not for lack of trying.GAZETTE: Is there a physiological limit that humans can’t go beyond?LIEBERMAN: There must be. If you look at the curve of mile time against year, that curve is definitely slowing down, but it hasn’t flattened out. It will at some point; the question is where.A good example of this principle is horse racing. Horses have evidently hit their speed limit and are not getting any faster. Since 1940, Kentucky Derby times have essentially remained unchanged for a number of reasons.So, yes, there must be a limit for humans at some point. It is true, every once in a while there is a big leap, but those leaps are going to get smaller and more incremental. Nobody’s beaten El Guerrouj’s record in almost 20 years, so that’s saying a lot.Keep in mind also that the mile is an especially challenging distance. We tend to think about extremes in running. At one end are the explosive, all-out, pure power events, like the 100 meters, and at the other the endurance events like the marathon and longer. But between 800 meters up to five kilometers, runners have to precisely tune their bodies and their strategies to be good at both speed and endurance. That balance is really hard to get just right. “At one point he took off his shoes to show me his arch — this is at a fancy London restaurant. It was a treat to talk to him because he was so intellectually engaged in the science and physiology of running.” — about meeting Roger Bannister GAZETTE: Are humans, as a species, better runners now than we were back in the evolutionary past?LIEBERMAN: That is such a hard question to answer because until recently everybody’s job was to be an athlete.We were hunter-gatherers, and that involved primarily walking a lot, but also climbing, digging, and running. And that running would have involved not just long-distance running but also occasionally sprinting. If you look at the data on hunter-gatherers running when they are hunting, they don’t go particularly fast. They average a 10-minute mile, usually for about half-marathon distances. No doubt when chased by wild animals, they’ll sprint very fast, but I doubt that few if any hunter-gatherers ever ran as fast as Roger Bannister over a mile. For any fit human to run that fast takes extraordinary effort and training, and it was probably never necessary.That said, as a whole, I would say that humans have always been good athletes. Compared to other animals, we’re not particularly fast, but we have terrific endurance. What’s odd today, however, is that so few of us develop these skills. Most of us are sedentary, and we have largely professionalized athletics. It’s become a form of entertainment. GAZETTE: I imagine race strategy is important, but these top runners probably have that aspect of the race down.LIEBERMAN: There’s still some debate. I’m not an expert on this, but runners endlessly debate whether to run what’s called “even splits” — run each quarter-mile the same speed — or conserve energy initially to leave a little gas in the tank so you can end with a serious kick.Bannister was famous for his incredible surge. And if you look at El Guerrouj’s world record, his last lap was his fastest. Consider also that normally people race not to beat a particular time, but to beat other human beings, so the race is partly about your own physiology, but also partly about psychology. Putting on that burst at the end of a run when everybody else is flagging can really demoralize other runners.GAZETTE: You’ve written about persistence hunting and the ability of humans to run down faster animals, and even, over a long distance, animals that we think of as being distance runners, like horses and dogs. Are we faster over a mile than animals?LIEBERMAN: Very few. There are very few animals that humans can beat over a mile, although keep in mind that these pronouncements don’t come from actual races. Instead, researchers have clocked the maximum speeds of various animals by chasing them in cars or affixing sensors to their bodies when they are hunting or being hunted. Most animals sprint for only short distances, and it’s hard to know just how long and how far they can keep those speeds up.GAZETTE: You’re not going to outrun a cheetah for a mile?LIEBERMAN: There are examples of people who do run down a cheetah, but only over long distances. A few years ago some Kenyan farmers got really irritated by two cheetahs that were eating their goats, so they ran them down by chasing them for six kilometers. The cheetahs obviously could run many times faster than these guys, but we can outrun the cheetah easily over a few kilometers. That’s true for a lot of other animals too. I myself even recently participated in a man-against-horse marathon.GAZETTE: How did that go?LIEBERMAN: Every year they have a race in Arizona called Man Against Horse, which, as you can imagine, started in a bar.So two years ago, I decided I had to put my money where my mouth is and run it. It’s a marathon over a mountain. I’m not a great runner by any stretch of the imagination and I’ll never win anything. But it was an amazing experience, although very dispiriting at first as the horses, which were being ridden, quickly outpaced all of the humans in the first few miles.Then as the sun rose and it got hotter and hotter, we started passing the horses near the top of the mountain around mile 18. Passing those horses was one of the biggest thrills of my running life. I’ve also never felt so competitive. As I was racing those horses toward the end, I had an indescribably primal urge to beat them.I didn’t run a particularly fast time by human standards, but it was good enough for those hot, tired horses. I think there were 53 horses and I beat all but 13 of them. For me, it was also thrilling to experience physically what I’ve studied and written about, which is that over long distances, humans really can outrun the premier running animal on the planet, the horse. And I’m just an average runner, even if I do like to run marathons. I have no chance to come even close to winning any race ever. “Passing those horses was one of the biggest thrills of my running life. I’ve also never felt so competitive. As I was racing those horses toward the end, I had an indescribably primal urge to beat them.” Researchers making breakthroughs in learning how and why we run Chasing down a better way to run One result of our modern attitude toward running is that we forget how good just average people can be. If you consider the distribution of running times from any major marathon, there are a few insanely fast people who can run just a little bit slower than two hours, a slightly larger number of ridiculously fast people who can run it less than two hours and 30 minutes, or under three hours, but the vast majority of people can finish in four to six hours. It’s a very, very non-normal distribution, but even average finishers have accomplished something special that few animals can achieve.We tend to focus on the elites because they’re exciting and impressive, but where would our ancestors have been had they been so silly as to run 26.2 miles for no reason at all? They would have been mostly four- to five-hour finishers.GAZETTE: Are we evolving as a species to be worse runners? What forces may be at play?LIEBERMAN: Natural selection only works when there’s heritable variation that affects reproductive success. Since I suspect the ability to run fast has little effect on anyone’s ability to reproduce, I’d expect an absence of selection, hence a gradual increase in variation. An added complication is that running performance is a result of both environment and genes, and it’s the environmental component that is mostly changing. Thus, more of us are not living up to our potential. But that said, there is still a small group of people who really care passionately about running fast, who keep breaking records.Interview was edited for clarity and length. Related
Freddie Ljungberg quits role as part of Mikel Arteta’s Arsenal coaching team Freddie Ljungberg managed just one win, against West Ham, from his six games at the Arsenal helm (Picture: Getty)‘I have decided to leave my first team assistant coaching role at Arsenal to progress my management experience,’ the club legend confirmed on Twitter.‘I have been involved with this club on and off since 1998 and am grateful for all the opportunities they have given me both as a player and as a coach.More: Arsenal FCArsenal flop Denis Suarez delivers verdict on Thomas Partey and Lucas Torreira movesThomas Partey debut? Ian Wright picks his Arsenal starting XI vs Manchester CityArsene Wenger explains why Mikel Arteta is ‘lucky’ to be managing Arsenal‘I wish Mikel and all the team every success for the season ahead. Thanks also to the fans for their constant support and for always being by my side. ‘I hope we will all meet again soon.’Reacting to the departure of one of his assistants, meanwhile, Arteta said: ‘Freddie has been a really important member of my team since my arrival. ‘He did a great job picking the team up when Unai left and we all have 100% respect for him as a man and a coach. I know I’ll be facing him on the touchline in the future.’MORE: Lyon midfielder Houssem Aouar wants Juventus move over Arsenal and Manchester CityMORE: Jadon Sancho singles out Arsenal’s Bukayo Saka and Manchester United’s Mason Greenwood for ‘doing a madness’Follow Metro Sport across our social channels, on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.For more stories like this, check our sport page. Advertisement Advertisement Metro Sport ReporterSaturday 22 Aug 2020 3:37 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link806Shares Freddie Ljungberg has left his first team coaching role at Arsenal (Picture: Getty)Freddie Ljungberg has left his first team coaching role at Arsenal in the hope of landing his first full-time managerial role.The club legend returned to the club at which he won two Premier League titles two years ago to coach the club’s Under-23 side. Ljungberg was credited with playing a major role in the development of the likes of Bukayo Saka, Joe Willock and Reiss Nelson and was promoted to the first team set-up upon the appointment of Unai Emery. The Spaniard was sacked last December providing Ljungberg with the opportunity to take interim charge of the first team alongside Per Mertesacker. AdvertisementAdvertisementADVERTISEMENTLjungberg was unable to spark an improvement in the team’s results, however, registering just one win from his six games at the helm in all competitions. Comment
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Tweet this comment Cancel Submit Comment Subscribe to None Replies All new comments By Rick Phelps, Wellington Wall of Crusader Recognition chairmanÂ â€” Garrison Hullinger, president of an interior design company in Portland, Ore.; Dale Scrivens, a national championship college wrestler; Russ Decker, a former Wellington head wrestling coach and administrator; and Bill Meridith, a Wellington High School supporter and contributor have been named to the 2015 Wellington Wall of Crusader Recognition.All four inductees will be honored with an awards presentation at Wellington’s Class Day ceremony tonight at the high school gymnasium at 7 p.m.The inductees will also attend the Chamber Coffee at 10 a.m. at the Daylight Donut Shop and at an all school assembly at 2:15 p.m. The following is a biography of each of the inductees:Â Garrison Hullinger – WHS Class of 1983Garrison Hullinger is the President of Garrison Hullinger Interior Design, Inc. located in Portland, OR. Garrison grew up in Wellington and attended local schools through graduation at WHS in 1983.Since college proved not to be in Garrisonâ€™s future, he jumped excitedly into the retail field and excelled with jobs at Dillardâ€™s, Foley’s, Neiman Marcus and The Gap. He was one of the founding employees of a new Gap division called Old Navy and eventually worked his way up to Store Technology Project Manager.He was an integral part of the Old Navy team that helped them become the first retailer to do more than $1 billion in its first four years of business in 500 stores nationwide.Garrison is a prime example of how lifeâ€™s misfortune can guide us to our ultimate purpose. He suffered a serious work-related accident in 1999 where he suffered a traumatic brain injury, which caused him to hit the reset button on life…spending four years relearning how to read, write and walk again.As part of his recovery he began managing small projects like replacing the kitchen sink and faucet to help regain motor skills. As his improvement progressed, he began buying and remodeling homes in San Francisco, which led to increased confidence in his design skills. At that point he knew he found his true career, so he officially launched his design business from his home attic with one part-time employee.That particular home was published in more than seven magazines and highlighted on a couple different TV shows, which caused his design business to skyrocket. Today GHID has 19 employees and in 2014 was recognized as one of the top 100 fastest growing companies in Oregon and Southwest Washington.Garrison is well respected within the design industry because of his generous ability to share best business practices and for embracing a forward-thinking philosophy in creating a working business model.He is proud to say he is an â€˜early adapterâ€™ and is quick to adapt his business needs that have taken a $75,000 company in 2009 to over $2 million in 2014. Garrison is known within the building industry as a marketing genius with his companyâ€™s online and social media presence. GHID has over 30,000 twitter followers and is listed in the top 25 Interior Design firms (out of 3 million professionals listed) in the U.S. by houzz.com.Garrisonâ€™s design work continues to be featured in magazines across the country each year.Dale Scrivens WHS Class of 1934Dale Scrivens grew up in Wellington and attended Wellington schools graduating from WHS in 1934.Â While at WHS Dale was an outstanding athlete in football and wrestling but it was in wrestling that he made his mark.Dale was a three time AVL ChampionÂ and was a state runner-up in 1932 and 34 and was a state champion in 1933. Â Dale helped lead the Crusaders to state runner-up in 1933 and 34.Â The WHS Yearbook Megaphone Â in 1934 said: “Scrivens possesses all the speed and muscular strength of a champion, besides his hard-fighting attitude and quick-thinking”After graduation Dale took his wrestling talents to Oklahoma A&M (Oklahoma State) and wrestled for the Hall of Fame coach Ed Gallagher .Â Dale helped lead the Cowboys to national championshipsÂ in 1937 and 38.Â As a junior Dale placed third in the nation and in 1938 became only the second wrestler from the state of Kansas to win a National wrestling title. Since then there have only been four other Kansans to be NCAA wrestling champions.After graduation Dale became the county extension agent in Marion County, Kans. until duty called.Â Dale enlisted in the Army Air Corp during WW II and was the bombardier on the Sad Sack II a B-24 in the 44th Bomb Group known as the “Flying Eight Balls” of the United States Eighth Air Force.While stationed in Libya North Africa, Dale and his crew were sent out on August 1, 1943 on a crucial and extremely dangerous mission.Â This, their seventh mission as a crew was part of the ill-fated operation known as “Tidal Wave”.The objective was to destroy the rich oil fields at Ploesti in Romania which supplied the Nazis with 60 percent of their oil.Â The planes flew in at tree top level under radio silence but the Nazis were prepared.Â Through thick clouds of smoke and under heavy fire from the ground and Nazi fighter planes Dale was able to direct the pilot to their target and drop their payload on target.Riddled with bullet holes, some as the pilot said, “the size of a mans fist” caused the plane to crash and Dale was killed on impact.Â The Sad Sack II was one of the 54 planes lost out of 177 that took off on a day that became known as “Black Sunday” and Dale was one of the 532 men of the 1,726 that did not return. For his bravery and service to his country 2nd Lt Dales Scrivens was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross and an Air Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster.In 1987, Dale Scrivens became the second WHS alum to be inducted into the Kansas Wrestling Coaches Association Hall of FameRuss Decker â€“ WHS Teacher and Coach 1982 – 1995;Â Â WJHS AdministratorÂ 1995 – 1998;Â WHS Administrator 1999 – 2007Russ Decker has been wrestling since his youth.Â Although Russâ€™s wrestling career as a competitor was not stellar, he recognized and was able to use wrestling as a springboard to influencing kids and to achieve career goals.Russ began his wrestling career as a seventh grade novice in 1964 at Oakley, Kansas. After a self-described sub-par career as a wrestler in high school, Russ graduated in 1970 from Oakley. He went on to attend Ft. Hays State University where he joined the wrestling team as a walk-on.Russ struggled as a collegiate wrestler, but it was at Ft. Hays State that he began to build his future and to examine the lessons taught by his experiences. He was quoted by the Wellington Daily News upon his retirement from coaching that, â€œThereâ€™s a lesson, there. No matter what you do, no matter how talented you are, you must work hard. I think that is what I learned most â€¦â€Consequently, he made education his career choice and used wrestling to secure his future. The lessons he learned were first put to use at Belleville High School where Russ began his teaching and coaching career. He guided the Buffalo wrestling program to three league championships, two regional team championships, and three regional team runners-up. Russ’s Buffaloes had 45 individual state qualifiers, 10 state placers, and two individual state champions. Belleville also finished in the top ten in the state three times.In 1982, Russ, his wife Rita and their two young daughters Rusti and Kelley made the move to Wellington. He successfully built upon the Wellington tradition compiling a remarkable 125-14-1 dual record along with eight Chisholm Trail League titles. The Crusaders were regional champions four times and regional runners-up five times under Coach Decker.Wellington qualified 91 wrestlers to state competition during his tenure with 44 earning state medals and 10 winning state championships. The Crusaders claimed the 1991 4A state championship and were state team runners-up twice.In addition, five Wellington teams placed in the top five in state under Coach Deckerâ€™s guidance. Coach Deckerâ€™s efforts earned him recognition as the Class 5A Coach of the Year in 1984 and Class 4A Coach of the Year in 1991. Russ’s success in wrestling was recognized by his peers when he was inducted into the Kansas Wrestling Coaches Association Hall of Fame in 2004.Russ was very well liked and respected by his wrestlers but he also Â had the same high expectations of his students in the classroom as he did for his wrestlers and consequently gained the same respect and success as a classroom teacher with his students in the classroom.Russ retired as wrestling coach after the 1995 season and left the classroom but continued in USD 353 as an administrator, which included doing double duty as Assistant Principal and Athletic Director from 2000 until his retirement after 25 years of service to USD 353 in 2007.To this day Russ continues to support the Crusaders by listening to games, reading articles and spending time with the coaches and he frequently attends ball games and of course Crusader wrestling.Bill Meridith – WHS Supporter and ContributorMr. Meridith graduated from Argonia High School in 1957 and began his career working in machine shops learning the business from the ground up. In 1966 Bill decided to run a machine shop of his own and became a founding partner in Precision Machining Inc.For 33 years Bill used his good business sense and a strong faith to build “Pre-Mac”, as it became known, into a very successful business that was also an integral part of the Wellington economy.Â Through the years “Pre-Mac”Â employed over 700 employees many who were WHS graduates that were grateful to have the opportunity to work for a great company with a fair, honest, generous and caring ownerBill knows that the reason he was blessed with success in business is because of his strong faith and he has returned these blessing to the community of Wellington by generously supporting and contributing to many churches, organizations and individuals.Along with faith Bill also knows that education is important to individual and community success and he has been a great supporter and contributor of education in Wellington.Â Mr. Meridith founded the Wellington Christian Academy in 2003 supporting education beginning in pre-school. WCA and its students have had high achievement scores and obtained many academic awardsMr. Meridith has five children all of whom attended Wellington public schools and are WHS graduatesÂ Through Pre-Mac many WHS graduates were awarded scholarships upon their graduation to help further their education and attend the college of their choice.In 2001 after two bond initiatives to build a new high schoolÂ had failed Mr. Meridith as President of the D.S.S.R Foundation stepped forward and gave a donation to USD 353 to purchase the land where WHS sits today and as a result this helped the next bond issue to pass.Â The foundation also gave money to the USD 353 technology department in 2000 and 2001 to purchase fiber optics between buildings.WHS is proud and grateful to acknowledge Mr. Meridith’s contributions and support of education in Wellington.Follow us on Twitter.