Who needs ’em?Not the Warriors — at least for Saturday night.Golden State, down the two players who define their dynastic success on both sides of the court over the last five year, ran the Brooklyn Nets off of the Oracle Arena court Saturday, 116-100.After the contest, I broke down the three big things from the Warriors win with Warriors reporter Logan Murdock.Thi … CLICK HERE if you are having a problem viewing the photos or video on a mobile deviceStephen Curry?Draymond Green?
This is Part 3 of a blog series describing construction of the Orchards at Orenco project in Oregon. The first installment was titled The Largest Passivhaus Building in the U.S. An ultra-high-performance enclosure is the heart of the Passivhaus concept. The enclosure should be close to airtight and highly insulated, with limited thermal bridging.Additionally, the enclosure should be designed to mitigate potential durability issues related to moisture. Design for moisture management is important with all construction types but becomes even more critical when wood-frame construction is used due to the moisture sensitivity of wood-based building materials.In previous posts, I’ve addressed the context and design of the Orchards at Orenco project and the construction of the building foundation. In this post, I will describe the construction of the Orchards enclosure in more detail, while providing additional commentary on specific aspects of the design. Balcony detailsThere are 36 balconies on the building, providing private outdoor living space for all residents. One of the most challenging details was how to structurally connect the balconies to the primary structure while minimizing thermal bridging and also managing water. The design solution was to provide a continuous ledger around the balcony similar to typical construction; however, the ledger is fastened to intermittent 4×8 treated wood blocking that is installed at 4’-0” spacing (see Images #25 and #27, below), so that there is a gap between the ledger and the wall sheathing.This detail allowed us to install exterior mineral wool insulation behind the ledgers and continuously over the backup wall, thereby maintaining our thermal barrier continuity at the balcony-to-wall interface except at the block locations.Prior to installing any balcony framing (including blocks), we installed the housewrap continuously over the walls at the balcony areas. The blocks were then installed over the housewrap and were subsequently fitted with saddle flashings that we integrated back into the housewrap. Metal through-wall flashing was then installed above the line of blocks at each balcony, allowing siding work to begin. The balcony joist framing and decking were installed last, after completion of the siding and trim.My next blog post will address additional aspects of the construction at the Orchards at Orenco, including the roofing, cladding, and insulation. We built a mockupConstruction of the Orchards enclosure was challenging in many ways, but the greatest challenges were the planning and coordination effort, given the atypical assembly designs and specifications and the relative complexity of the enclosure detailing. Heading into the construction phase, we were uncertain how tight we could get the building (58,000 square feet of floor area in three stories), so we planned a week of float into our schedule to allow for testing and remedial air-sealing work, if necessary. After completing our enclosure coordination meetings and submittal process, we constructed a large exterior wall mockup on site (see Image #2, below), and it was here that we worked out many of the loose ends of the detailing and finalized some small tweaks to the design details prior to execution on the actual building.The exterior walls are framed with 2×10 Douglas fir studs and sheathed on the exterior with 1/2-inch plywood (see Image #3, below). To reduce thermal bridging at the walls as much as possible, we used advanced framing techniques such as 24-inch-on-center stud spacing and optimized framing around rough openings. Innies, outies, or in-betweenies?During the design phase, the team studied where best to position the windows within the wall. We considered placing the exterior face of the window frames flush with the face of the sheathing, to allow the exterior insulation layer to extend over the frames. Several iterations of the PHPP model indicated significant benefit to “overinsulating” the windows in this manner, so the team agreed with this approach.We then encountered some constructability issues, however, especially at the interface between the window sill and the wall. With typical detailing, the face of the window frame is positioned outward an inch or two from the face of the sheathing, which allows for the metal sill flashing to be joined to the window frame outward of the sill pan flashing. This is important to maintain free drainage from the sill pan.With the Orchards detail, we had to bring the horizontal leg of the metal sill flashing into the sill pan area to create the sealed joint with the window frame. To do this, we needed to shim the windows higher than is typical to provide the clearance in the sill pan area to allow for the joint but also to allow for free drainage from the sill pan. We used two stacked, stepped shims to accomplish this and it worked quite well when we installed the windows (see Image #13, below). Delivery of the SureSill cap flashing was delayedAt the window head, the architect’s detail called for a rigid PVC head flashing. A specific SureSill flashing product was specified due to its three-dimensional configuration (see Figure #22, below). Typically we use brake-formed metal flashing at the window head; however, there was concern from the design team that metal flashing would cause too much thermal bridging.The construction team thought that it would be relatively easy to source the SureSill flashing from a local supplier, and that proved true when we ordered three 48-inch-long pieces for our mockup. However, after working through the mockup, the team determined a single 10-foot long flashing piece covering both the window head and the adjacent balcony door head would work best. There was a glitch: The local supplier did not have the 10-foot lengths of flashing in stock. And then when we placed an order with the Florida-based manufacturer, we were told that they didn’t have the quantity we needed and put us on back order.The product is actually manufactured in China and, after several communications with Florida, we learned that our flashing was literally on the slow boat to the U.S.! At that point, we were scheduled to begin installing siding in a week. Not good.To add a little more pain to our suffering, the order got hung up for a few extra days in customs. Six weeks later the flashing arrived on site and the siding installers began their work.Fortunately we had been able to move forward with WRB installation well ahead of the siding and got the building in the dry without delay, but the delay on the flashing delivery had some unanticipated impacts on our proposed sequencing of work.Lesson learned: Make extra sure that thermally non-conductive flashing material is needed for your Passivhaus design before you specify it. And, if so, make sure they have adequate stock at your supply house of choice. The Orchards team worked closely during the design phase to identify the optimal enclosure design, striving to achieve the best balance of performance, constructability, and cost. A more in-depth examination of key project details and a discussion of our collaborative process during design and construction can be found in a paper delivered earlier this year at the BEST 4 Conference: Five Not So Easy Pieces – Designing and Building the Passive House Enclosure. Testing the doors and windows for water entryThe patio/balcony doors are essentially just large tilt-turn windows, configured as doors. Exterior doors typically do not have the airtightness and water resistance to match windows, but these are not your typical doors! With three compression gaskets, the sash seals tightly to the frame, and the rainscreen design will manage water extremely well.The owner’s representative commissioned testing of the doors and windows by an independent agency, and the doors passed field water tests up to the specified requirement of 6 psf. After passing the required level of watertightness, the test agents ran the pressure up to 12 psf and the doors still did not fail.After completing the window and door installation, we installed housewrap (Tyvek CommercialWrap) over the sheathing, taking care to integrate the housewrap with the window and door flashings to ensure proper overlaps for water management (see Image #24, below).Combined with the self-adhered membranes and various flashings, the Tyvek serves as the primary water-resistive barrier (WRB). Given the high level of airtightness and insulation in these walls, and thus the lack of drying potential, it is critically important to prevent water infiltration into the moisture-sensitive areas of the wall system.An intensive quality control (QC) effort was essential to ensuring proper installation of the WRB and all related flashings. Nick Kurkov – one of our most highly skilled enclosure specialists – was assigned the QC role, working closely with our superintendent Jeremy Brooks, who shouldered primary responsibility for managing all of the work on site. RELATED ARTICLES The Largest Passivhaus Building in the U.S.Placing a Concrete Foundation on Rigid Foam InsulationMultifamily Passivhaus Project Starts in Oregon The wall sheathing is our air barrierThe plywood sheathing serves as the primary air barrier material at the exterior walls. Once the majority of the wall framing was up, our crew moved around the building, taping the sheathing joints with Siga Wigluv, a specialty tape product manufactured in Switzerland and engineered specifically for air sealing (see Image #4, below). We typically used 4-inch-wide tape for the flat seams and 6-inch-tape at the inside and outside corners. At the outside corners, the plywood often butts together roughly; we were concerned about the void behind the tape, which could lead to tears or ruptures, so we placed a small foam backer rod in those corners before applying the tape.The Wigluv tape is vapor-permeable, adheres extremely well to the plywood substrate, and was excellent for the application. On previous projects where we’ve pursued a high level of airtightness, we’ve used a similar sealed sheathing approach; however, we’ve used wet silicone sealant at the sheathing joints and seams. Although the tape is quite expensive, the installation is much simpler and faster than the sealant method, so labor costs are reduced significantly. Triple-glazed windowsWe used EuroLine 4700 Series ThermoPlus tilt-turn windows and doors, manufactured just outside of Vancouver, B.C. (see Image #7, below). These windows feature tilt-turn operation and are triple-glazed, highly airtight, and well-insulated (U-factor = 0.14). The frame material is a fiberglass-vinyl hybrid developed by Rehau, a German polymers company.The interface between the windows and walls plays a critical role in airtightness. On many buildings, this location is where much of the air leakage occurs. To provide air-barrier continuity at the Orchards project, we installed a wet sealant between the window frame and the rough opening flashings all around the interior perimeter of the window frames.To flash the rough openings, we used a self-adhered membrane product, Protecto Seal 45 (see Image #8, below). We specified this peel-and-stick membrane because it has a foil facing that facilitates adhesion with the silicone sealant we used, Dow Corning CWS. This sealant adheres extremely well to the foil facing and also to the fiberglass-vinyl window frames.The team agreed that it was prudent to add another seal around the exterior perimeter of the window frames at the jambs and the head to minimize the potential that exterior moisture could enter the gap between the window and the wall. Mike Steffen is a builder, architect, and educator committed to making better buildings. He is vice president and general manager of Walsh Construction Company in Portland, Oregon.
A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Tags:#Apple#cyberwar#nsa#Prism Related Posts Apple today released a statement revealing that it, too, has received requests for consumer data from Federal, state and local authorities in the United States, even as it denied participation in the alleged PRISM program conducted by the NSA.Apple joins Facebook and Microsoft as companies that have made public batch data of requests from U.S authorities.Between December 1, 2012 and May 31, 2013, Apple saw between 4,000 and 5,000 requests from U.S. law enforcement for customer data. Those requests totaled between 9,000 and 10,000 Apple accounts or devices. Apple said the requests ranged from criminal investigations to matters of national security with the most common being local police investigating robberies, searching for missing children or trying to locate patients with Alzheimer’s disease.Apple said:Regardless of the circumstances, our Legal team conducts an evaluation of each request and, only if appropriate, we retrieve and deliver the narrowest possible set of information to the authorities. In fact, from time to time when we see inconsistencies or inaccuracies in a request, we will refuse to fulfill it.Apple insists that it knew nothing of PRISM, the clandestine project by the federal government where it supposedly has the power to access the servers of major tech companies (like Yahoo, Google, Microsoft etc.) for consumer data related to matters of national security.Apple reiterated its stance on protecting its consumer data and said that, “we don’t collect or maintain a mountain of personal details about our customers in the first place.”For example, conversations which take place over iMessage and FaceTime are protected by end-to-end encryption so no one but the sender and receiver can see or read them. Apple cannot decrypt that data. Similarly, we do not store data related to customers’ location, Map searches or Siri requests in any identifiable form.Last Friday, both Facebook and Microsoft (both of which had negotiated with the Federal government for the right to report on data requests) released data on government requests. Over the last six months, Facebook saw 9,000 to 10,000 requests regarding 18,000 to 19,000 accounts while Microsoft said it saw 6,000 to 7,000 requests, affecting up to 32,000 accounts. Both Google and Twitter have said that the batch data that the government allowed the likes of Apple, Facebook and Microsoft to report is not enough. Google would like to see more detail and volume of the data requests including the ability to separate federal government requests from those of local authorities. dan rowinski 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting